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Foot and Ankle

The foot and ankle are made of many bones, tendons and ligaments to work together to provide movement, stability, balance, and propulsion. The ankle begins at the end of the tibia and fibula (bones of the lower leg) where they meet the talus (ankle bone). The calcaneus bone makes up the heel of the foot, five tarsal bones make up the mid-foot, and the forefoot is made up of the metatarsals and phalanges (toe bones). Ligaments are bands of connective tissue that connect these bones and keep them in place, and tendons allow movement of the joints.

Pain in the ankle or foot may be due to a variety of reasons including pain coming from joints, ligaments, tendons, muscle, or nerves. Neuropathy is a common complaint that is irritation of the nerves. Plantar fasciitis is another condition where the plantar fascia (connective band tissues that support the arch of the foot and connects the front of the foot  to the heel) is irritated and can cause chronic foot pain. Pain may be referred from the leg or back. Pain may also be related to inflammation, physical trauma, and/or general wear and tear. Our office can perform evaluations to determine the cause of discomfort and provide the appropriate treatment.

Here is a list of possible treatment options:

This list is not all-inclusive.