Skip to main content

The Role of Diet and Nutrition in Managing Physical Pain

Those who experience physical pain know it can be challenging and debilitating, yet neglect many of the underlying means for preventing it. Diet and nutrition play far more of a role in providing relief than many understand. By selecting foods, vitamins, and minerals which reduce inflammation and discomfort in your body, physical pain and well-being can improve exponentially. 

How Diet and Nutrition Can Aid in Pain Management

Not all foods are created equal when it comes to managing physical pain. Finding a combination of nutritious whole foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids known for their anti-inflammatory properties—like fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts—that contain these fatty acids may help decrease inflammation in your body, often the source of discomfort. To further reduce inflammation, try including anti-inflammatory diet foods like leafy greens, olive oil, and high-fiber fruits and vegetables in your daily meals. 

What Happens Inside of Our Bodies?

Understanding how diet and nutrition impact physical pain requires a thorough knowledge of what goes on within our bodies. Eating certain foods can trigger hormones that fight inflammation, decreasing discomfort within cells. For this reason, diets rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as those found in anti-inflammatory diets, may be useful when managing physical pain effectively. In addition, studies have also indicated that taking vitamin C, E, and other antioxidant supplements can reduce inflammation naturally as organic pain relievers.

How Can Eating an Anti-inflammatory Diet Help Me?

An anti-inflammatory diet is the foundation of physical pain management. Achieve this by selecting whole, unprocessed foods like fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, legumes, whole grains, fish, and lean proteins such as salmon and walnuts. These contain anti-inflammatory benefits as well as high antioxidant capacity, also found in foods such as dark leafy greens or berries. Furthermore, avoid processed food which may increase levels of inflammation due to added salt or preservatives in their formulation.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fat found in many foods like fish, walnuts, and flaxseeds that possess anti-inflammatory properties to provide natural pain relief. Eating more omega 3-rich foods or taking an omega-3 supplement is one way to achieve this relief. This helps by lowering pro-inflammatory molecules within cells to decrease inflammation levels, reducing pain and discomfort in the process.

Antioxidant-Rich Foods

Antioxidants are essential vitamins and minerals found in certain foods that can help combat inflammation by fighting off free radicals. Berries, dark leafy greens, nuts, and seeds all offer high levels of antioxidants which may be effective at managing physical discomfort by decreasing oxidative stress resulting in less inflammation, less discomfort, and greater quality of life overall.

Foods to Avoid

Along with eating an anti-inflammatory diet, certain foods should also be limited or avoided altogether if you're trying to manage physical pain. Processed meats and trans fats are known to exacerbate inflammation within the body; refined carbs such as white bread and pasta should be limited or completely avoided because these may trigger spikes in blood sugar levels that exacerbate physical discomfort. Too much sodium intake may also increase discomfort caused by inflammation.

Processed Meats

To minimize physical discomfort, processed meats such as hot dogs, bacon, deli meat, and sausage should be avoided as much as possible. They contain high levels of saturated fats and sodium which can aggravate inflammation in your body; additionally, they often contain preservatives that increase oxidative stress, which in turn can add further discomfort.

Refined Carbohydrates

White bread, pastries, and pasta should be avoided to effectively manage physical discomfort. They quickly digest in your body which may lead to spikes in your blood sugar levels and inflammation within your body resulting in even greater discomfort and pain.

Foods High in Sodium

In order to effectively manage physical pain, foods rich in sodium should be limited or avoided altogether. Too much salt can lead to fluid retention which increases bloating, leading to even further discomfort. Processed and canned soups tend to contain added salt, so it is wise to check labels and opt for unsalted versions when possible.

Hydration Is Essential

Hydration is essential when it comes to managing physical pain. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day will help flush out toxins from your system and decrease inflammation in the body—try drinking at least 8 glasses daily if engaging in physical activity. 

*Hydration recommendation: herbal teas like ginger or chamomile can provide soothing relief from aches and pains.

Vitamins and Supplements

Supplementing with vitamins and supplements may also be an effective way to manage physical pain. Vitamin D is an essential nutrient known to keep bones strong while also reducing inflammation throughout your body. B-complex vitamins help ease nervous system stress—potentially improving symptoms associated with chronic pain. Furthermore, fish oil, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, has proven its anti-inflammatory abilities through regular use.


Curcumin may provide another effective option for managing physical pain. This active ingredient found in turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties and has long been used as an aid against discomfort in the body.

B-Complex Vitamins

B-complex vitamins are vital in supporting nervous system health and managing stress. Furthermore, these essential supplements may also reduce inflammation in the body to alleviate physical pain symptoms. B-complex vitamins can be found both as supplements as well as in food such as green leafy vegetables, eggs, and liver.


Magnesium is an essential mineral that can help alleviate physical discomfort. Magnesium relaxes muscles, reduces inflammation, and eases tension in the body. It's found in almonds, cashews, dark chocolate, and leafy greens like spinach and Swiss chard; plus there are magnesium supplements for an additional boost if necessary.

The Benefits of Exercise

Exercise offers many advantages to managing physical discomfort. Not only can exercise increase circulation throughout the body, but it can also strengthen and stretch muscles more effectively, reduce inflammation, improve mobility, release endorphins, and produce other beneficial endorphins which have calming properties that may help with mobility issues, as well as help manage stress.

At the core of it all lies an essential role for diet in relieving physical pain: anti-inflammatory eating and limiting sodium consumption can significantly help manage inflammation in the body and provide soothing relief from discomfort. Drinking plenty of water and taking supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids, curcumin, or vitamins can also provide soothing comfort relief. 

If physical pain and discomfort are beginning to control your life, some of these simple changes could improve your daily well-being. Contact our team at Rocky Mountain Spine & Sport if you continue to experience ongoing physical discomfort.

Driggs Location

Coming Soon!

Rocky Mountain Spine & Sport is proud to soon be serving patients in Teton Valley and the Jackson Hole area. Check our website for updates on when the Driggs location is officially open.